The town of Litchfield sits at the heart of Connecticut’s Litchfield Hills, a bucolic countryside region full of summer cottages, colonial churches, Victorian mansions, and cozy restaurants, cafes, clothing stores, and book and gift shops. Bring the camera because this is a photographer's dream. Those postcards of a "typical Connecticut village" were probably photographed in Litchfield. The town dates from the early 1700s and became the county seat in 1751. Iron ore was discovered nearby in Salisbury and during the Revolutionary War, the area was known as "The Forge of the Revolution" supplying cannons for the troops, with Litchfield as the supply center.
By 1790, Litchfield was the third largest town in the United States, with a population of over 20,000, following only New York and Philadelphia. Boston was fourth at this time with over 18,000. Today, Litchfield has a population of fewer than 1,500 residents.
Litchfield is the birthplace of Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, whose equally famous father Lyman Beecher, was a minister here. For historical background the Litchfield Historical Society Museum has a fine selection of paintings, documents, furniture, decorative arts and exhibits about Litchfield and is located at the corner of East and South street.
In 1774, America’s first school for the study of law was erected in Litchfield. Tapping Reeve House and Law School educated future Vice Presidents Aaron Burr and John C. Calhoun, six Cabinet member, 26 U.S. Senators, over 100 Congressmen, 16 Governors, and three Supreme Court Justices. It is now open to the public and is located off of route 63 south.